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HS – ESL3 – Unit 13 – Medicine – Moodle

 Author: Alex I. Chavez  Category: ESL3  Publisher: AC Language School  Country: US  Language: English

This book developed by ©Academy Global Learning 2020
All rights reserved under ©Academy Global Learning 2020. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the copyright owner.

Designed By:
Christian Alas
Created and illustrated By:
Angelo Romero and Camilo Sanabria


Medicine refers to the practice concerned with maintaining or restoring human health through study, diagnosis, and treatment. Physicians, also known as doctors, are the individuals that are qualified and receive approbation to study and practice medicine. Since the 19th century, only those with a medical degree have been considered worthy to practice medicine. Physicians are some of the most venerated members of society.

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The medical profession is composed of the group of people formally trained and authorized to apply medical knowledge. Many countries and legal jurisdictions have regulations on who is permitted to practice medicine. Within the medicine field, there are various specialties, such as family practice, cardiology, neurology, sports medicine, research, or public health.

Human societies have had various systems of health care practice since the beginning of recorded history. The earliest type of medicine in most cultures was the use of plants, herbs, and animal parts. This medicine was usually used in conjunction with specious rituals of various kinds. Some of these apocryphal beliefs include animism (the belief that inanimate objects have spirits), spiritualism (appealing to gods or communion with ancestor spirits), and shamanism (vesting an individual with mystic powers).

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Medicine, as it is practiced today, developed largely in the late eighteenth century, and early nineteenth century in England, Germany, and France. Even today, there are still many different viewpoints concerning the proper application of medicine.

Sometimes, when it is disputable which opinion is right or better than another, experts may belittle and deride each other which can leave many people feeling acrimonious. However, most doctors today are viewed with deference because of their prestigious position in society. Many people would trade places to be in a doctor’s shoes.

Many physicians are so easygoing and casual that their attitude belies the dedication and effort put forth to take care of patients. Some doctors are so good that they receive adulation and acclaim in the form of accolades for their work

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Some doctors are experts in their field and are extolled for it. However if an unfortunate calumny were to spread, all of this can be taken away in a second. The field of medicine is constantly changing and new theories and ideas are constantly being tested. Many new findings are deprecated or denounced if they seem too absurd and do not have adequate support.

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So, although rare, some reports may even be embellished or fabricated in order to gain approval from the medical field. These spurious documents are usually quickly exposed. Gossip in the field of medicine can spread like wildfire if a promising new advancement is discovered.

A vital aspect of medicine is the relationship between the patient and doctor. Although many people visit the doctor’s office for similar problems such as a cold, flu, shots and others, their experiences can be vastly different, depending on the attitude of the doctor. Sometimes the doctor’s attitude can make the difference in the visit being fun or painful.

Doctors should always be tolerant and helpful towards their patients, never using caustic remarks to disparage the ones they should be helping.

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The patients don’t necessarily have to exalt their doctor and sometimes if a doctor makes a serious mistake, the patient may go off on a diatribe and impugn the doctor.

The physicians that are caring and understanding are usually the ones that are commended and eulogized. Unfortunately, sometimes doctors have to break bad news to patients. It is a difficult task, but the worst thing a doctor could do is equivocate. Any kind of attempt to prevaricate will inevitably have drastic consequences. Honesty is vital to the doctor-patient relationship.

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Match each word in the left column with a description in the right column that best matches its meaning

1. ____ Acrimonious

2. ____ Belittle

3. ____ Caustic

4. ____ Denounce

5. ____ Deprecate

6. ____ Deride

7. ____ Diatribe

A. Denounce, criticize, condemn

B. An attack, harangue, rant

C. Hold responsible, charge

D. Tribute, honor, award

E. Scathing, sarcastic, corrosive

F. Deal, skill, exchange

G. Praise, entrust, hand over

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8. ____ Disparage

9. ____ Impugn

10. ____ Trade

11. ____ Acclaim

12. ____ Accolade

13. ____ Adulation

14. ____ Approbation

15. ____ Commend

I. Adoration, admiration, reverence

J. Ridicule, mock, disdain

K. Demean, put down

L. Approval, consent

M. Condemn, accuse

N. Belittle, denigrate

O. Approval, praise

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Match each word in the left column with a description in the right column that best matches its meaning

16. ____ Deference

17. ____ Eulogize

18. ____ Exalt

19. ____ Extol

20. ____ Venerate

21. ____ Apocryphal

22. ____ Belie

23. ____ Calumny

A. False, sham, erroneous

B. Contradict, disprove

C. Mythical, legendary

D. Hedge, stall, evade

E. Prevaricate, beat around the bush

F. Make up, manufacture

G. Admire, worship

H. Rumor, scandal, hearsay

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24. ____ Embellish

25. ____ Equivocate

26. ____ Fabricate

27. ____ Gossip

28. ____ Prevaricate

29. ____ Specious

30. ____ Spurious

I. Respect, reverence

J. Extol, sing the praises of

K. Bogus, counterfeit, illegitimate

L. Decorate, adorn, exaggerate

M. Slander, defamation

N. Praise, applaud

O. Revere, idolize

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Multiple Choice

1. Medicine refers to the practice concerned with maintaining or restoring human health through:

A. Study, prediction, hypothesis
B. Study and experiments
C. Study, diagnosis, and treatment
D. Observation, hypothesis, and approbation

2. Another word for “Doctor” is:

A. Physicist
B. Physician
C. Pharmacist
D. Scientist

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3. The following are sub-branches of the medicine field except:

A. Cardiology
B. Itchyology
C. Neurology
D. Sports medicine

4. Doctors receive ________ to study and practice medicine.

A. Specious
B. Apocryphal
C. Animism
D. Approbation

5. The earliest type of medicine in most cultures was the use of

A. Dirt and water
B. Rubbing alcohol
C. Plants, herbs and animal parts
D. None of the above

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True or False

Choose whether each statement is true or false and write your answer in the space provided.

1. ____ Within the medicine field, there are various specialties

2. ____ Human societies have had various different systems of health care practice since at least the beginnixng of recorded history.

3. ____ Shamanism is a neurological disorder.

4. ____ Honesty is vital to the doctor-patient relationship, even when bad news is being delivered.

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True or False

Choose whether each statement is true or false and write your answer in the space provided.

5. ____ The field of medicine remains constant and has few changes in practice or new theories.

6. ____ Equivocation is an essential skill in a doctor-patient relationship.

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Short Answer

1. Discuss some of the early types of medicine and beliefs that were practiced


2. Explain the Doctor-patient relationship and why it is vital.


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3. Who can practice medicine and what is necessary to do so?.


4. Why is the practice of medicine so essential to our society?


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Reading Questions

1. What is the writer’s main idea?


2. What example supports the writer’s main idea?


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3. How does the example help the writer’s argument?


4. What do you think about the story?


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